Out of all the Jagannatha related festivals in Puri, Odisha, the longest is the Chandan Yatra. The Sandalwood journey, the famous festival is a forty-two day-long occasion. It is held with the commencement of the third lunar day of the waxing moon or the Akshay Tritiya, of Vaisakh. The legend that forms the backstory of the festival comes from the Gaudiya Vaishnava philosophy. In the fable, Lord Krishna asks the devotee Madhavendra Puri to smear sandal or Malaya Chandan over the God Gopal. This Malaya Chandan was to be fetched from Odisha and was going to give the god relief from the extreme heat. Thus, devotees till today fulfill their Lord's instructions.
They cover the deity of Jagannatha in sandalwood. The popular festival in Puri takes place in two parts, the Bahara Chandan and the Bhitara Chandan. The festival is held two twenty-one-day periods. Though the most famous festival of Odisha is Ratha Yatra, it can be noted that the building of the Ratha starts from Akshay Tritiya, the day the Chandan Yatra begins. This festival also provides a significant cultural context in reference to spiritual practices. It is a rich field for the study of cultural anthropology.