Mineral rich District, Jharsuguda is one of the most industrially developed District of Odisha. Jharsuguda District was established on 1st January, 1994. earlier it was a part of Sambalpur District. It was created by amalgamation of the erstwhile Jamindars of Rampur, Kolabira, Padampur and Kudabaga. The District is surrounded by Sundargarh District in the North, Sambalpur District in the East, Bargarh District in the South and Chattisgarh state in the West. Jharsuguda District is situated at a distance of 515 km from Kolkata, 616 km from Nagpur, 48 km from Sambalpur and 372 km from state capital Bhubaneswar. Jharsuguda District is covering total area of 2, 081 sq kms. The District lies between 21.82 degree north latitude and 84.1 degree east longitude.
Major portion of the land area covering hilly region has a radish stony soil. The plain region having brownish black soil is suitable for growing paddy and vegetables. The soil of the riverbanks and delta area is sandy loom suitable for paddy, sugarcane and groundnut cultivation. Some part of the Lakhanpur block is specially known for ginger cultivation which it exports in tones to other countries.
The climate is tropical in Jharsuguda. In winter, there is much less rainfall than in summer. This location is classified as Aw by Köppen and Geiger. The temperature here averages 26.5 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1480 mm. The driest month is November. There is 4 mm of precipitation in November. Most precipitation falls in August, with an average of 43 With an average of 34.6 °C, May is the warmest month. In December, the average temperature is 19.5 °C. It is the lowest average temperature of the whole year.