Cuttack is a city in the eastern Indian state of Odisha. It's on a peninsula flanked by the Mahanadi River to the north and the Kathajodi River to the south. The ruins of moated Barabati Fort, once home to the Eastern Ganga dynasty, show the city’s medieval significance. Within the fort's walls lies the Shahi Mosque, with its 3 white domes. Nearby, Maa Cuttack Chandi Temple is a pilgrimage site for Hindu devotees.Cuttack District is one of the oldest Districts of Odisha.It is an important city and District headquarters.Cuttack, which lends its name to the District, is known as the business capital of Odisha.The word Cuttack derives its name from the anglicized sanskrit word Kataka, which has two meanings-one being military camp and the other being the seat of government, protected by the army.Literally, it also means the fort, referring to the ancient Barabati Fort, around which the city developed.This city takes pride in the fact that it had been the capital of Odisha, before its shifting to Bhubaneswar, the new capital.
Cuttack experiences a tropical wet and dry climate. The summer season is from March to June when the climate is hot and humid. The temperature around this season is 35 °C to 40 °C Thunderstorms are common at the height of the summer. The monsoon months are from July to October when the city receives most of its rainfall from the South West Monsoon. The annual rainfall is around 144 cm. Temperatures are considerably lower during the rainy season, averaging around 30 °C. The winter season from November to February is characterized by mild temperatures and occasional showers. The winter months feature chilly northerly winds which bring down the temperature to around 15 °C, though the bright sunshine helps maintain the pleasant weather. Temperatures may exceed 45 °C at the height of summer and may fall below 10 °C in winter.