Mayurbhanj district is one of the 30 districts in Odisha state in eastern India. Baripada city is its headquarter. As of 2011, it is the third-most-populous district of Odisha, after Ganjam and Cuttack. Mayurbhanj is land-locked with a geographical area of 10,418 km² and is in the northern boundary of the state.Mayurbhanj occupies a unique position being endowed with lush green vegetation, different fauna and rich cultural heritage. The district has a rich mineral base and is home to the Similipal Biosphere. Iron-ore (hematite), vanadiferous and titaniferous magnetic, chaina clay, galena (lead ore), Kyanite, asbestos, steatite (soap stone) and quartzite constitute the principal mineral resources of Mayurbhanj district.
The climate is tropical in Baripada. When compared with winter, the summers have much more rainfall. This location is classified as Aw by Köppen and Geiger. In Baripada, the average annual temperature is 26.8 °C. About 1596 mm of precipitation falls annually.